Non Preferential Trade Agreement

In addition, the new WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement also contains new benchmarks for customs aspects of the implementation of rules of origin. Thus, the article of this agreement provides that each member „appropriately and over time renders a preliminary decision on the origin of the goods to the applicant who has submitted a written application containing all the necessary information.“ [27] With respect to certification, a distributor must know whether or not self-certification is authorized by the trade agreement under which it invokes preferences. Where possible, the professional (either the producer, exporter or, in some cases, the importer) must fill out the mailing information only in a mandatory form (if any) and declare that the products listed in it meet original and other requirements. However, if self-certification is not permitted, a professional must request proof of origin issued by a certification authority that is normally the Chamber of Commerce or an agency of the Ministry of Commerce. To obtain such a document, the exporter or manufacturer presents various documents relating to the manufacture or manufacture of the products. The competent authority reviews the files and becomes aware of an applicant`s premise in order to verify and certify, if necessary, that the products meet the original criteria of the previous trade agreement. [23] In some agreements, a fully manufactured product category is imported. For fully obtained products, these are goods manufactured or manufactured exclusively from fully obtained inputs. These products are generally treated in the same way as fully preserved products – they are considered the rule of origin acquired in its entirety when all intermediate consumption is fully obtained.

2. The rules of origin in paragraph 1 include all rules of origin used in non-preferential trade policy instruments, such as. B in the application of the most favoured treatment referred to in Articles I, II, III, XI and XIII of the 1994 GATT; anti-dumping and countervailing duties under Article VI of the 1994 GATT; safeguard measures under Article XIX of the 1994 GATT; The original marking requirements under Section IX of the 1994 GATT; and quantitative restrictions or discriminatory tariff quotas. They also include rules of origin used for public procurement and trade statistics. Non-preferential origin applies to goods traded between countries that are not bound by a preferential trade agreement (in the absence of a preferential agreement or where goods are not covered by an existing free trade agreement).

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