The Agreement To Phase Out The Use Of Cfcs Is The

The Montreal Protocol gradually reduces the consumption and production of different SDGs in stages, with different schedules for developed and developing countries (known as „Article 5 countries“). Under this contract, all parties have special responsibilities with respect to the exit of the various SDO groups, the control of the trade of the ODS, the annual reporting of data, the national licensing systems for the control of imports and exports of ODS and other issues. Developing and industrialized countries have equal but different responsibilities, but most importantly, the two groups of countries have binding, targeted and measurable commitments. Many Australian experts have been recognized for their contributions to the implementation of the Montreal Protocol, for their work in assisting Australia in meeting its phasing-out obligations, and for their international contribution to the gradual use of ozone-depleting substances. Given all these factors, and more, the Montreal Protocol is considered one of the most successful environmental agreements of all time. What the parties to the protocol have accomplished since 1987 is unprecedented and remains an inspiring example of what international cooperation can achieve in its best form. On October 15, 2016, the parties to the Montreal Protocol adopted the Kigali amendment to the phase-in phase of fluorocarbon (HFC) production and consumption worldwide. HCFCs are widespread alternatives to ODS, such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), which are already monitored under the protocol. Australia remains one of the first countries to ratify the Montreal Protocol for the phase-out phase-out of ozone-depleting substances. In many cases, Australia is well ahead of the requirements of the Montreal Protocol. Australia`s approach is based on a cooperative partnership between industry, the community and all levels of government.

In addition to protecting and restoring the ozone layer, the Montreal Protocol has also brought other important environmental benefits. In particular, the abandonment of ozone-depleting substances, which are often potent gases from global warming, has benefited the global climate by reducing the amount of greenhouse gases entering the atmosphere. In line with their comprehensive approach to combating the exit from the ODS, UNIDO helps government institutions strengthen the regulatory environment and monitor the consumption of ODS. The exit of the HFC puts Australia in a strong position to meet its international obligations under the Montreal Protocol. At talks in Kigali, Rwanda, in October 2016, representatives of Australia and most of the other 196 countries parties to the protocol reached an agreement in which 85% of the world`s CFCs will expire. To date, the parties to the protocol have phased out 98% of the world`s SDO compared to 1990. Since most of these substances are powerful greenhouse gases, the Montreal Protocol also contributes significantly to the protection of the global climate system.

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