What Is The Us Paris Climate Agreement

Although the United States played an important role in the development of the climate agreement, it will be the only one of the 200 parties to withdraw from the pact. Whatever happens, the country will have lost credibility in climate protection, Oppenheimer says. „The United States can`t just step in and pretend it`s all back to 2015,“ he says. „It`s going to have to work to regain trust.“ The official objective of the agreement is to prevent the 2C world from becoming warmer than before industrialization. But its goal is to limit warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, a best-case scenario that scientists see slipping out of reach. Trump could not leave the agreement immediately – he can only do so after the November election, in a strange time. Many U.S. cities, states and companies have also vowed to drastically reduce their emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the coming years. Twelve states and at least 165 U.S. cities plan to buy 100% of their electricity from renewable sources, according to climate monitoring group America`s Pledge. Luke Kemp, of the Fenner School of Environment and Society at the Australian National University, wrote in a commentary for Nature that „withdrawal is unlikely to change U.S. emissions“ because „U.S. greenhouse gas emissions are disconnected from international legal obligations.“ He added, however, that this could hamper efforts to mitigate climate change if the United States ceases to contribute to the Green Climate Fund.

Kemp said the impact of a U.S. exit could be good or bad for the Paris agreement, because „an unseraunted American president can do more damage inside than outside the agreement.“ Finally, „a withdrawal could also make the United States a climate pariah and provide China and the EU with a unique opportunity to take control of the climate regime and significantly strengthen their international reputation and soft power.“ [16] On the other hand, there is a belief that China is not in a position to take control of the climate regime and that it should instead „help rebuild global leadership by replacing the China-U.S. regime.

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